Jake McCrary

HTML markup for better sharing on social media

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For a bit more than a year I worked on a project that crawled the web and indexed articles. Two of our sources of data were articles shared on Facebook and Twitter. After seeing hundreds of article previews on these two social networks, I decided to improve how my own articles were previewed.

I thought figuring out the markup I needed to add would be a painless experience. Unfortunately, when you search for this information you end up at various SEO optimization and other similar sites where you get the pleasure of experiencing full screen pop-overs trying to get you to sign up for mailing lists and other annoying features of the modern web. Probably unsurprisingly, the least annoying source for this information turned out to be the social networks themselves.

Below is what you will want to add to the <head> section of your articles' markup. Items in all caps should be values that make sense for your articles. Most fields are pretty self-evident, but check Twitter’s and Facebook’s documentation for more details. The Open Graph documentation has more details as well.

<!-- Twitter Card data -->
<meta name="twitter:card" content="SUMMARY" />
<meta name="twitter:site" content="TWITTER HANDLE OF SITE (@jakemcc for this site)" />
<meta name="twitter:creator" content="YOUR TWITTER HANDLE" />
<meta name="twitter:title" content="ARTICLE TITLE" />
<meta name="twitter:description" content="SHORT DESCRIPTION OF CONTENT" />
<meta name="twitter:image" content="IMAGE THAT SHOWS UP WITH PREVIEW" />

<!-- Open Graph data -->
<meta property="og:site_name" content="SITE TITLE" />
<meta property="og:url" content="CANONICAL URL" />
<meta property="og:title" content="ARTICLE TITLE" />
<meta property="og:description" content="SHORT DESCRIPTION OF CONTENT" />
<meta property="og:image" content="IMAGE THAT SHOWS UP WITH PREVIEW" />
<meta property="og:type" content="article" />
<meta property="article:published_time" content="PUBLISHED DATETIME" />

If you have control of your site’s markup and want better previews of your articles on the various social networks then you should add this markup to your web site 1. Hopefully this article has saved you from having a full screen pop-over prompt you to join yet another mailing list.

  1. You can actually remove the twitter:title, twitter:description, and twitter:image lines since Twitter will fallback to the equivalent Open Graph markup if they missing.